Player Development Series: Interview with Dylan Glad, Dir. of Player Development at AHFC

Dylan Glad, Dir. of Player Development for AHFC

Special to, meet Dylan Glad.  Dylan is the Director of Player Development at Albion Hurricane Soccer Club in Houston, Texas.

Dylan has a long history in soccer, beginning as a 6 year old, continuing through his service in Iraq (as a member of the All-Marine Team) and time with the Houston Hurricanes of the USISL.  He currently lives in Katy with his wife and child.  His experience in soccer notwithstanding, Dylan considers himself “a USSF School product” and currently holds a USSF “A” License as well as a USSF “Y.”

His club, AHFC, did a great Q/A with him that you can read here.    As I read it, I was drawn to the first question – the fact that he is the first Player Development Director for AHFC.  He stated that he “believes technique is everything.”  Dylan has generously taken some time to share his views on certain aspects of Player Development.  So, without further adieu, here are some words of wisdom from AHFC’s Director of Player Development…

1. You are the Albion Hurricanes Football Club Director of Player Development — what does your job entail?  How many youth players are in your club?  Specifically I have the pleasure of working with our under 12 and down to U9 Academy players; both boys and girls. With them, I ensure we are taking full advantage of small sided games and everything that format has to offer. All in all it is about 600 players in those ages. They make up the foundation for our club, and my job along with our other coaches is to make sure they are technically equipped to play a certain way by a certain age in any system required.

2.  How do you define Player Development?  How does it apply to youth soccer?   I’d say it is a long term investment into the soccer education of a player over the course of their entire career and goes well past the youth level. Professional players and coaches need to continue to advance their games and their understanding as well. Instilling youth players with a competent technical ability which will last them and serve as the foundation for their future ability and potential is our main focus. I learn something everyday working at AHFC on how I can improve our players’ experience.

3.  What do you think are the biggest impediments to Player Development in youth soccer in the United States?  What can we do to overcome them?  Interesting dilemma we face in the US regarding our sports and soccer specifically. The same attitude that makes this country great may also be the thing that holds us back from being a top class soccer nation. The culture revolves around results. We test our students in school so we can judge if they understand concepts. The two timelines don’t always match up with people’s expectations. Player development should be seen in terms of years, not games; if parents and players expectations are such, and they understand the long road ahead, then set backs like a losing score become less meaningful. Reactionary coaching after a loss knocks a team or an individual off course. Stay true to the principles of play that your club believes to be beneficial. (emphasis added)

4.  As a club, is it hard to satisfy parents’ desire to win with a Player Development approach?  Very hard. It is the number one most time consuming challenge I face week to week. In a results based business it is trying at times to explain why a result has occurred. Staying positive is the key. In the youth game you must see the game within the game. Young players lack the understanding of how they relate to more than a couple of players at a time. They can’t put it all together until they’re older. Keeping people grounded in our beliefs is paramount. Great thing about soccer is it is open to a multitude of varying opinions and there is always a conversation to be had. I’ve remained consistent in my approach regarding individual technique and team possession based play. People see value in that long term which makes my job a pleasure.

5.  What are your feelings on ability-based training and grouping for match play?  How does age apply to that analysis (if it does)?  It is very important to play opponents equal in ability, even better if you can play tougher teams. If you can use these matches for experience and keep them competitive and fun, players will benefit more so from playing skilled teams rather than having easy games day in and day out. There in lies another balancing act. Who do you train with? Anyone and everyone—go to as many practices as you can with different ages and abilities. Each one of those presents a different problem to solve. Older kids are faster, more experienced, so I must play quicker. Younger players are less experienced and may not defend properly. Boys are naturally more aggressive so when girls play with boys you get that added benefit.  (emphasis added)

6.  What is the difference between a team-based approach and a player pass system?  Do you favor one over the other?  Why? At what age?  Great question. Obviously we take a player centered approach. When you keep the player in mind at the center of your decisions then you don’t have to change ideology midstream. Our youngest players don’t need a team based approach. About U12 we begin to make those connections and hopefully we’ve done a great job of developing the individual so they can contribute to a team. At the end of the day however, it comes back to the individual. Are they going to play in college, or in the pros, or be a terrific High School athlete? Perhaps you need to be on a good team to be noticed, but the current identification system for those avenues take into account the players who might be on lesser teams or at lesser known clubs. Everyone is searching for that player who lives off the grid so to speak. Player pass is key. It provides the flexibility to coaches to make good soccer decisions. It makes sense that we should have the freedom to move players from level to level as they progress. It would be a shame to wait an entire year to play with a group because our administrative constraints say so. (emphasis added)

7.  What role has coaching education had in shaping your coaching philosophy?  Your philosophy of player development?  I am a USSF coaching school product. I credit the federation with trying to educate its coaches and offering them various courses. At the end of the day, those courses help you organize your own thoughts and structure. The content is your own, and although those courses influence you, the philosophy comes from years of trial and error and seeing what works and what does not. You must be comfortable in your own identity. I feel I have taken on an American approach to the game similar to how our culture has evolved. I take the best parts from all over the world and try to construct it into something uniquely ours. Like a recipe, I’ll add a bit of Dutch flair and possession, sprinkle in some Italian defending and some German discipline, add some South American tempo and drama, all the while keeping a fantastic American work ethic at the core.

8.  At what age do you recommend position specialization?  How does that relate to Player Development? I’ve always felt that players don’t choose positions, their personality does. The position requires certain attributes from the individual. Not everyone is suited to every position, but it is very important as U9 and up to see the game from as many different perspectives as possible. If you are forced to play somewhere constantly it stifles players, I think they become disinterested, unmotivated and lose out long term. Goal keepers are a prime example of a position the USA clearly has top quality in, but none of our youth players want to play it. Do a great job of making balanced all around players who can play any and all positions—at the least, they’ll have a better appreciation for how they fit into a team. I would not let age be the deciding factor of when, but rather when is the player capable of understanding their role at that position. Rest of the time, mix it up and have some fun with it. We all love to score goals, but equally exhilarating is a well timed slide tackle to clear a ball of the defensive line.

Many thanks to Dylan Glad for taking the time to share his thoughts on Player Development.  Thank you!

20 Questions Vol. III: Neresa Taylor

Neresa Taylor for UTEP

This is our third installment of 20 Questions.  Next up, Neresa Taylor (‘Reese”).  Neresa is currently the Director of Girls Training for Gusher United, the competitive arm of Beaumont Youth Soccer Club.  She graduated from UTEP with a Bachelor’s degree in sociology and participated on the UTEP soccer team for the duration of her college career.  She continued with soccer after her time at UTEP and still makes soccer a part of her daily life.  You can read her bio here.  In her words, meet Reese Taylor…

1.  Where are you from?

I was born and raised in Beaumont, Texas.

2.  When did you start playing soccer?

I started playing soccer as early as I can remember, probably age 3 or 4.

3.  How often did you play soccer as a youth?

I played soccer every day but Sunday. I played during recess at school, after school, and directly after I went to practice. On Sundays I had to put on my church dress. No t-shirts and shorts! My mother spent countless time getting me ready for church and family lunch on Sundays that getting dirty and sweaty was not an option. I could not wait until Monday came….

4.             What teams/organizations did you play for?

I played here locally at BYSC (“Beaumont Youth Soccer Club”) as a youth and then competitively for Spindletop Select Soccer Club (“SSSC”). I also played for the Olympic Development Program and for my local high school–Kelly High School.

5.             Did you play sports other than soccer? If so, did you at any time decide to specialize in soccer (and quit playing other sports)?

Growing up I ran track and also played basketball. I played all three sports throughout middle school but once I entered high school I focused on soccer mainly but still ran track to stay in shape. Once I got to college, it was all soccer.

6.             What position(s) did you play? What is your favorite position?

From ages 9- 18, I was a forward. I loved scoring goals. Once I entered college my coach discovered I should play defense. This was shocking and I found myself wanting to quit because scoring goals was all I knew and I loved being the show of the game.  After realizing if I wanted to play I would have to play what my coach wanted me to, I quickly changed my attitude and started adjusting to playing defense. As of now, I would prefer playing outside back any day over forward. Crazy how things work out.

7.             At what age did you specialize in a certain position?

I believe between the ages of 13- 15, I remember thinking I was a forward and that’s what I would always be.

8.             As a youth player, who influenced your playing style?

Jorge Cruz was a huge contributor to the player I became. He made the game fun and enjoyable, but also pushed me to learn the game and play the correct way.  Jorge never allowed me to stay content as a player.  If he saw that I could dribble through three players, he would encourage me to take on four. He helped me develop as an individual player to be creative and forced me to work hard without even realizing I was putting in effort.

9.             What was the highlight of your youth soccer experience?

The highlight of my youth soccer career would be making the Olympic Development team. I remember going to the tryout thinking that I was just doing it for fun but once I made the first round I recall thinking I could do it. After the first round I put my mind to it and worked harder than ever. As a young player from Southeast Texas it was a huge achievement that I will never forget.

10.          Did you play soccer in college? If so, where?

Yes, I played soccer at the University of Texas at El Paso all four years of my college career.

11.          Did you participate in sports in college other than soccer?

In college, soccer was night and day. Between 6:00 a.m workouts, class from 8:00 a.m to noon, team meetings at 1:00 p.m, and practice from 3:00 to roughly 6:30, I had limited time to do anything but homework and sleep. Not to mention jumping on a plane Thursday morning and flying to different states; it was very challenging to even keep up with school only attending class Monday- Wednesday in the fall semester. Looking back, I don’t know how I did it.

12.          What is your favorite cartoon?

Unfortunately, I do not watch cartoons. haha! If I had to choose one, however, it would be…. Spongebob!

13.          What is your preferred coaching philosophy? (Possession, counter, winger, defensive, etc.)

I believe it depends on the team I am training. For my younger players I teach possession. I believe if an individual player has the skills and technique to keep possession, they can later adapt to any style of play because their skills will develop through learning to keep possession.

14.          Did you play soccer after college?

Yes, I played in the WPSL (Women’s Professional Soccer League) which is directly under the actual WPS. After graduating college, I played semi-pro in Miami and loved it!!

15.          What was the highlight of your adult soccer career?

Wow, there’s too many!! I would say my fondest memories as a college player were being with my teammates on game day. It is indescribable being in a setting with twenty other passionate, dedicated, and competitive girls. As a youth, half the team loved the game and half just did it for leisure or because their parents force them. Once you enter Division 1 College Soccer, every player has the same attitude and goals. Friday night games at our University were insane. We would have 1,500 plus fans scattered around our fields.  I cherished each time I walked onto that field and can never forget beating SMU, Texas, Texas Tech, and Baylor.

16.          Your favorite movie is _____?

I have a lot of movies that I enjoy but one of my all time favorites is Blind Side.

17.          Favorite food?

I love Seafood. The one downfall about moving to El Paso was the enormous change I had to make in garnering a taste for Mexican food.

18.          In 10 years, you plan to be ______?

God willing in 10 years I will be a wife and mother. I plan to be doing the same thing I am today but with my own children. I loved playing soccer myself but I feel my true joy will come from watching my own children play and develop as players. I have high hopes if I have a daughter that she will play soccer and achieve greater than what I did!

19.          Other than soccer, your favorite hobby is ____?

I LOVE shopping! Friday is my one off day so that is the day I actually get to dress up, get my nails done, and not wear soccer gear. I enjoy going to church and serving the Lord.  I also love watching other sports and spending time with my family as well.

20.        Who has been your biggest inspiration?

My biggest inspiration has been my parents. My mother passed away when I was 12 years old and my father took on the role of being my mother and father. I look up to those two who have made me the strong woman I have become. Ironically, soccer has helped me through my toughest times. I remember when my mother passed all I knew, trusted, or believed in was soccer. Late nights when I could not understand why, I would sneak out and bang the soccer ball against the wall to exhaust myself. Soccer was my outlet and unknowingly I was becoming better as a player while doing this.

I sent Reese a follow up question about advice that she would give youth interested in playing college soccer.  Here is what she had to say:

Advice I would give to anyone considering playing college soccer would first be to love the game. I believe to be successful in anything there has to be a sense of passion behind it, that passion then fuels you and drives you to become better as a player. If you love the game, becoming better is easy. It is easy because you WANT to go to practice, you want to always have a ball at your feet, and you want to play when no one else is watching. These elements will unknowingly take you to the next level. Hard work and dedication are what collegiate athletes are made of. You have to eat, breathe, and sleep soccer in college, which if soccer is what you love, then one could call that the perfect world.  As a former student athlete I’ve witnessed my teammates plus opponents attitude and how they function as people; there’s an overdose of competitiveness built within them to train hard, become better than those around them, and also a willingness to compete against themselves and set goals as a player.  This, however, is what a player has accumulated before he or she enters college. Your mind is your best friend, believing you can do something and putting in the effort to achieve what you set your mind too will bring you anywhere you wish to go in life. As a youth player set goals for yourself, challenge your own ability, and never stay content. If you are never satisfied with where you are as a player, you will force yourself to grow and develop beyond where you were. At the end of the day love and enjoy what you do, have fun and put in the work, the rest will handle itself.


Player Development Series: Perils of Position Specialization

Player Development Series:  Position Specialization Too Soon

At what age should players specialize in a position?  As a coach, are you willing to lose games to allow players to explore new positions?   How should we define success?  (As parents; as coaches; as clubs) Is it winning and losing?  Or, is it something else?

These are tough questions.  If you have ever coached, you know the pressure from the parents, even the kids, to win.  To be sure, soccer is competitive game where one team in the match is usually declared a winner.  In today’s youth soccer climate, parents are spending a lot of money on training fees, travel expenses, equipment, camps, etc.  In many instances, teams in urban areas are even coached by professional soccer “trainers/coaches.”  Clubs are often competing against one another for players and fees.  Tournaments and “tournament season” has created hyper-competitive climates where teams feel pressured to participate by the club, parents, and other teams with which they compete.   Winning and losing are often the barometers parents use and clubs sell to advertise their services.  In such situations, there is pressure to obtain results.

So, what is the big deal?  What is the relationship between focusing on immediate success and position play?  To me, the link between the two is that in order to maximize a team’s likelihood of success, a coach’s best play would be to play his best keeper at keeper the entire game, best forward at forward, defender at defender, etc.  The problem with this model is that if it is adopted at age 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, the players’ development has been sold for temporary success.  By age 13, a coach should be able to place a player in a position and, if they have been developed appropriately, they should be able to perform.  If players have not been developed properly, taking them out of their system will be a challenge for them – in other words, while they may be effective for one coach or team, they may not be as effective for another.  That is a problem.

In Appendix A of Best Practices for Coaching Soccer in the United States (2005), it warns:

As far as positions are concerned, players should learn the game based on principles of the game rather than positions on the field. Players’ decisions on the field should be based on what makes sense to them in the game. Let the players experience different positions and the different challenges that these positions create.  (Page 29, regarding U12 players)

The reason is that if players learn the game from all perspectives, they will develop a deeper understanding of the game.  “As [players] move to the full-sided game at the U-14 age and beyond, the eventual and ideal goal is for all of the players to be able to keep track of all the other players on the field and then to deal effectively with the situations that evokes out of these relationships.”  (P. 29)

Keeper specialization is a problem throughout youth soccer.  Consider the advice inBest Practices:

No goalie specialization or selection of goalies based on ability primarily until U14.  (P. 33)

The implementation of goalkeepers within youth soccer is an issue that creates considerable discussion among coaches. Restricting a player to the position of goalkeeper at too early an age may have a negative effect and eliminate them from participation in soccer.” (P. 47).

Recommendations (Keepers):

U8:      No GK

U10:    GK is included within team – rotate players as GK;

U12:    GK is included within team – GKs share time but in order of priority which is recommended by coach;

U14:    GK chosen on ability and contribution to the team. (P. 47)

As a parent of a soccer player, you should demand from your club, coach, trainer, etc., a written curriculum covering the sessions, as well as a plan for the season, year, and subsequent years.  If you see specialization, you should step up and ask questions.  For example, if your child is a top-flight keeper, until he or she is 14, you should be requesting field time.   At the same time, if your coach is moving players about, week to week, just consider that it may not be because he or she lacks an interest in winning but may be rotating the squad for developmental purposes.  If your child only plays offense, you should request they spend some time defending and vice versa.

As coaches, we need to be mindful to give all the players a chance.  I often hear that such and such kid only wants to play defense.  Usually, from my experience, defenders are seldom the coaches’ kid.  We have a couple of boys in our U11 group that had only ever defended.  And, if I were to leave it to them, they would request to play defense.  At the same time, as they played more and more up front, they started to exhibit different aspects to their game.  Consider former US Soccer Federation Director of Coaches Bobby Howe:

Even when the kids graduate to six-v-six, there should remain little or no emphasis on playing a position, on winning, or on restricting individual decision-making. The individualist who would rather dribble than pass may not quite be the pariah that (s)he’s assumed to be. The ability to dribble past several defenders in a limited space is a quality that only a handful of the game’s greatest players have acquired. Kids should not have their creativity stifled, especially at younger ages.

Bobby Howe, former US Soccer Federation Director of Coaching Soccer, How to Play the Game: The official playing and coaching manual of the United States Soccer Federation

As a club, we need to balance the demands of success by the parents with development of the players.  We have to educate our parents about the big picture.  Clubs shouldn’t have to justify their product by winning and losing.  And, while winning is great, as parents we need to reduce the amount of pressure on the coaches and players based on short-term results.  It is the great stumbling block of US youth soccer.   Consider Landon Donovan’s words:

 As a kid you need to touch the ball as much as you can. You should always be with the ball. You should have a feeling that wherever the ball is, you can do anything with it. No matter
where it is, where it is on your body, how it’s spinning, how it’s coming at you, the speed it’s coming at you, anything. You can learn the tactical side of the game later. It’s amazing to me that people put so much emphasis on trying to be tactical and worry about winning when it doesn’t matter when you’re 12 years old. We’re going to have big, strong, fast players. We’re
Americans, we’re athletes. But if we never learn at an early age to be good on the ball, then it’s just useless.

Landon Donovan, USA World Cup hero, in Soccer America, July 2002

Finally, from Best Practices:

Putting children into the straightjackets of positional play too early only destroys their instincts to be involved in the game. (P. 54) (This was commentary by the U14 Boys’ National Team Coaches).


Here is a link to get the Best Practices for Coaching Soccer in the United Statesdocument.  There is also a great appendix studying the characteristics of women national team players.

Player Development Series: PLAYING UP

221817_1070327726856_1991_nPlayer Development Series: When Should Parents and Clubs allow kids to PLAY UP?

In most areas of the US, soccer is still a growing sport. While, in a club, particularly in the recreation side of the club, a team may have a few players who are more physically, technically, and tactically advanced than others, there is usually a wide divergence in skill on a playing field at any one time. For clubs, placing players in training situations and game situations reflecting their ability can be a challenge. In addition, parents, some for good reason some for not, press upon clubs to make variances for their children. What is the solution? Under what conditions should young soccer players play against people not of their age? While clubs use age to divide teams, usually in one-year increments, is that recommended by US Soccer? Under what conditions should a parent press their child to play up? When should clubs say ok?

Playing up is not wrong per se. I think this is the first misnomer. Spokespeople for clubs have mistakenly given the impressions that youth should play in age-pure brackets, regardless of ability. There is no literature that supports this. Rather, US Youth Soccer advocates placing kids within 2-year increments. Sam Snow, the US Youth Soccer Director of Coaches, author of the US Youth Soccer Player Development Model, writes:

The majority of soccer clubs across the nation have evolved into single-year age groupings. This is done predominantly for organizational and administrative reasons, even though single-year age groupings have nothing to do with player development. Indeed, two-year groupings . . . create a better environment for player development.
U.S. Youth Soccer Player Development Model, p. 28 (Feb. 2012)

Another great document takes on the topic directly. In Best Practices for Coaching Soccer in the United States, it states:

When evaluating your players, it is important that you don’t confuse your players’ biological age with their ‘soccer age.’ Each player’s “soccer age” is unique to the individual. Your player’s soccer age depends on several factors: 1) The rate of each individual’s emotional and physical growth; 2) The frequency they are playing soccer; and 3) The soccer environment they are in (encouraging or discouraging individual creativity and comfort with the ball).

As a coach, therefore, it is critical that you are constantly evaluating and re-evaluating your players soccer ability. If your players’ skills do not match the demands of the corresponding age-appropriate phase outlined in this document, it is your responsibility to adjust their soccer ‘diet’ based on their “soccer age.” In some cases, for example, this may mean that a 16 year old player spends time addressing skills, or playing in numbers that seem more appropriate for a 12 year old. Best Practices, page 36.

The Best Practices document is incredible. While it is dated 2005, it is written for us – people that live in our country. It is focused on the development of US players, with our corresponding strengths and weaknesses (competition from football, baseball, basketball, etc.) In Appendix A, there is a section regarding “Ability to Play Up.” The rest of the material I am quoting is from that Appendix.

“Associations (or clubs) that create rules restricting an individual player’s options to play at the appropriate competitive level are in effect impeding that player’s opportunity for growth. For development to occur, all players must be exposed to levels of competition commensurate with their skills and must be challenged constantly in training and games in order to aspire to higher levels of play and this maintain their interest and passion for the game.” Best Practices then makes the following Recommendation: “When it is appropriate for soccer development, the opportunity for the exceptional player to play with older players must be available. If there are concerns regarding the individual situation, the decision must be carefully evaluated by coaches and administrators familiar with the particular player. “

The recommendation continues with a stern warning to coaches:

Under no circumstance should coaches exploit the situation by holding players back in their quest for winning team championships, nor should parents push their child in an attempt to accelerate their ascension to the top of the soccer pyramid.

What wisdom! As you can tell, the primary focus on the paragraphs above is the player, not a team. Clubs, associations, and parents need to grasp the concept of player development and reduce the emphasis on short-term seasonal success.

As a parent of five soccer players, I understand the pressure and situations that sometime mandate playing up. In rural communities, you may have no option. But, when given the chance, parents, we need to do the right thing. I am asked frequently about whether a child should play up or not. Many times, unfortunately, parents want their children to play up for the wrong reason – they want them to play with a certain player, they assume if they are playing up they are developing better (say, on a stronger team). I have derived my own standard that I share with people – here goes: “If your child can have the same creative influence, time on the ball, and opportunities playing up, then play up.” In other words, if your child, in a training session or game, can match the technical and physical elements of the game, then go for it. If your child is barely hanging on, make sure that there is no pressure from neither the club, coach, or, gasp, you to play up. If your child is limited in their role playing up, then they should not be playing up. If they are relegated to only performing one role on an older team, they should not be playing up.

Just a note about clubs…I have focused the language of this toward parents. But clubs have a big role to play here too. As a club, decisions need to made with respect to the best interest of the players’ development, not necessarily what is good for such and such club team. If holding a player back will make the club’s younger teams look good, that is not the right justification. If a club pushes a player up to play on a higher level team to complete a squad, for example, that is not the proper justification. Clubs, parents, and coaches should all make decisions with the same criteria – the best interest of players’ development. If there is a conflict between those three decision-makers (parents, club administrators, coaches), then someone is not on the same page.

The only other factor that I think is worth considering is emotional issues – can your child fit in emotionally with the other players on the team? I think placing a pre-puberty player on a team of post-puberty adolescents can be challenging because the subject matter of the conversations may be so far removed from what the player playing up is interested in, it could be unhealthy. (That is just one example). In other words, you might not want a 12 year old on a team of 16 year olds because they are not interested in the same things. I credit Jason Babcock for preaching that to me enough times that I get it.

As far as tactical considerations, little weight should be given. There are some exceptions with kids who enjoy great tactical advantages because they play the game daily, watch the game, etc., but those usually are also advanced technically too. Some kids are taught tactics too soon and, as a result, their technical development is slowed because, for example, they have been taught to pass when they should be dribbling. We should not play kids up because they “know the game.” We should guard the development of our players jealously, both as parents and clubs.