Tag Archives: formation

LUSC: 6v6 Team Shape by Brendan Donahue

*While researching images for 3-2, I found this wonderful article from Brendan Donahue.  I emailed him and received his permission to re-publish it here.  Thanks Brendan!

This is an article to provide coaches a few options to consider. It is NOT intended to be a training session for young players.

 The transition from the 4v4 game with no goalies to the 6v6 game can be a bit overwhelming for players and coaches. It is the first time the goalkeeper is introduced as a member of the team and throw-ins and goal kicks are introduced to the game. All of these new facets of the game can make for a difficult transition for everyone involved. Although the technical development of the players MUST remain the priority of all coaches, it is helpful to understand various ways you can align your team. Please note these formations are something a coach should be aware of, but not spend a great deal of time focusing on. Please encourage players to cover spaces and not remain in a certain position!

Remember to rotate all players so they experience playing in different areas of the field!

Here are a few options to choose from and reasons why you might select to align your team in this fashion. I have inserted triangles to show how players should remain connected to one another. This includes the goalkeeper:

Option 1: K-2-2-1 (back to front)

2-2-1
2-2-1

This formation will allow you to maximize the width of the field, while still having a strong amount of cover at the back (notice the keeper should not be planted on his goal line). One area you’ll be conceding in this system will be the central midfield. This might not be the best option at the youngest age groups. The single player up top can become isolated from his/her teammates and the team may struggle to create goal scoring opportunities.

Option 2: K-2-1-2

2-1-2
2-1-2

If you choose to align your team in this fashion you’ll be in a good position to control the middle of the field, while conceding the space out wide. Defensively this is a better option for young players. They learn to remain compact and not get beat down the middle of the field. If they move as a group they’ll be able to limit the space for the opposition to attack through. However, it is difficult for players to learn to “widen out” and create space once they regain possession. This can be a good option to select if you are playing against a stronger opponent. You will also have closer support when one of the players up front receives the ball.

Option 3: K-3-2

Let’s examine this formation a bit closer!

3-2
3-2

This (K-3-2) would be my preferred playing style.   You have excellent cover at the back while having good numbers to control the middle of the field. One of the keys components, if you choose to align your team in this fashion, is that you encourage the flank players at the back to “attack the space” in front of them.

(Pictured Below).

3-2 Building from Back
3-2 Building from Back

“Building out of the back” (pictured right): Notice how when the right wing player attacks the space with the dribble that the two other players at the back slide over to protect the space at the back. One of the reasons I prefer having the additional player begin at the back is that young players are generally more comfortable when they can see the field in front of them. If you start players higher (K-2-3) up the field, the front players will spend a lot of the game facing their own goal.

3-2 Shape
3-2 Shape

Midfield or beyond (pictured right): When the team is in the opposing half of the field it is okay for the central defender to step into the attack if he is under no pressure, but the other players at the back should recognize this and “pinch in”. Please observe how the goalkeeper does not remain on the goal line, but instead moves toward the top of the penalty box to remain closer to his/her teammates. 

Opposition in possession (below):

3-2 poor shape
3-2 poor shape

In this picture you see an example of poor team shape! White is defending too much of the field and the players are “disconnected” from one another. It is important when the opposition is in possession of the ball that players learn to try to get “compact” and defend as a group.

 Proper Team Shape (Below):

3-2 proper shape
3-2 proper shape

(Pictured right) Notice how the white players limit the space for red to play through by remaining closer together or more “compact”. If the central defender steps closer to the oppositions forward, it will discourage the opponent to play into him. Observe how the keeper adjusts his/her position when the central defender moves forward. The two forwards (on white) should try to remain close to one another and begin to work as a group.

Ball on the flank (opponents’ possession):

White continues to remain “compact” by shifting to the “ball side”. This will limit the attackers’ options on the “near side” of the field. By remaining as a unit you will give the opposition far less open space to play through and create more opportunities for your players to regain possession.

Final thoughts:

Before deciding on “What system to play” or focusing on your team defending you must recognize that defensive success is first and foremost based on quality 1 vs. 1 defending. Getting pressure on the player with the ball is vital if the rest of the team is to carry out their defensive responsibilities. Only when this pressure takes place can the remainder of the players get “compact” and take away space from the attacking team.

Offensively, it is easier for young players to find space on the flanks. It is important that coaches encourage this in training by choosing exercises such as the Four Goal game. The exercises should allow the players to “discover” the answers for themselves without constant instruction from the coach.

Comments and feedback are always welcome at bdonahue@lexingtonunited.org

Brendan Donahue

6v6 Formation Ideas

This season I am coaching a U9 boys team.  It has been a while since I have coached this age group.  I love it.  We are privileged to play in the Houston Texans exclusive Academy development league where emphasis is on technical growth rather than outcome (i.e., no punting).  The game is 6v6.

While it is more appropriate to focus on technique at this age, it is important to teach the boys ideas of tactics and formations.  This is a great age to introduce the concept of how to name a formation (from the defense first).  In the National Youth License, Sam Snow recommended a 3-2 formation.  His advice was based on simplifying the game — why add a midfield line to complicate it.  I am using his concept this season.  While, at the end, you will note I completely disagree that coaches should be given tactical advice and instruction during the game (other than guided questions), I do believe that you can spend time teaching the boys or girls what the formation is, what the names of the positions are, what are their responsibilities.  Then, at the beginning of each game, select a player and have him use cones to lay out the formation (calling it by name).  Let them teach.  Quiz them on the names of the positions.  I do it at at the conclusion of a training session, beginning of a game, etc.  Never more than 1-2 minutes.

Here are my lessons learned:

3-2.  I like it a lot.  The center back keeps back and maintains shape while the right and left back are free to move up.  Yes, kids will struggle with this concept, but, on a small field, most of them want to attack and defend at this age.  From my experience, at 8 they have not developed the “I am a forward only” mentality yet.  For the 2 forwards, we call them our “wolfpack” and they are encouraged to win the ball, working (“hunting”) together.  Here is what I love about losing the midfield line — it teaches the forwards to come back and fight in the middle.  If you place a kid in the middle, particularly an advanced one, it could develop bad habits for the rest of the team who become over-reliant on distribution from one advanced player.  We rotate players at all positions and, the fact that there are only 2 lines means instructions are simple.  Thus, game coaching is focused on improving technical aspects (“can you dribble to find space” “can you take the defender on” “can you block a shot” “can you move to support where the player with ball can see you?” etc. etc.) rather than tactical instruction (which should, in my opinion, be almost nonexistent at this age).

2-1-2.  This is my old formation.  I always had a few kids who were tactically and technically very advanced.  So, I could sit them in the middle and everything looked great.  Parents were happy.  We won.  This was selfish coaching and damaging to the center mid as well.  At an age that they should be exploring creativity, I had them passing out of problems to forwards who ran onto through balls.  Yes, we won a lot of games, but, in the end, it was a mistake.  I am not saying this formation is a mistake …. I am saying they way I did it was.  I used it and placed players in it based on our likelihood of winning a match.  With the boys I have now, since I rotate them about the field, having 3 lines would be hard to do.  I believe I can teach the concepts of how to play CenterMid without having one (move to the ball, use back foot, switch field, etc., etc.).  Those concepts can be taught no matter the formation.  Again, not saying this is wrong but, for me, I am having a much better experience with 3-2.

2-2-1.  This formation again has 3 lines so you are going to be spending time explaining the middle one.  It is always the midfield line — the kids have no problem playing forward or defense.  The midfielders have to work backwards and forwards.  When you watch it at U9 or U10, it looks like a 2-3 because the midfielders have a hard time tracking back.  Oddly enough, in a 3-2 the outside backs have a less difficult time because they know they are a “defender.”

Again, thanks to the Texans for letting us participate in a league where, while the games are competitive and the competition is fierce, we are able to focus on technique and growth.

Great Quotes on the Philosophy of Player Development

Next week I am sitting for the National Youth License.  It is a multi-day licensing clinic (Tuesday through Saturday).  There is a lot of prerequisite reading (which I love) and one of the documents on the coaching clipboard is about Player Development.  I have posted on this before and I think it is an interesting topic.  Here are a few quotes from the US Youth Soccer Player Development Model (Feb. 2012).  Players are divided into three Zones (Zone 1, ages 6-12, Zone 2, ages 13-17, and Zone 3 18+).  Here is what the manual says about Zone 1:

Zone 1 has a technical emphasis that is accomplished by focusing on player development versus match outcome. The intent is for coaches, administrators and parents of the players to spotlight the process of playing the game, rather than the score. The measurement of success in Zone 1 is the players’ improvement of ball skills, understanding of the rules of the game, playing fairly and learning general game principles. (page 9)

Too often at these ages results matter more than players.  Teams matter more than players.  When we place the importance of the team over the individual, are we helping the player?  I think soccer is leagues ahead of baseball on this. In Select baseball and youth league baseball, for example, there is no training or organization to remind the coaches and parents of this.  It is a win first mentality not matter the harm to the kids, his arm, or his interest.  At least in soccer, we have a system of education to address this issue.  Here is another goodie:

Too often coaches concentrate on a team formation to the exclusion of essential developmental needs. A common question is, “What is the best formation to win?” Some coaches are quick to permanently place a player in a specific position. That is an erroneous decision. In fact, many coaches teach the game by position. This approach has an over emphasis on a particular system of play and the team formation to execute that system. Systems are not the focus, but rather the framework. The decisive factor is the player and his or her individual qualities, specifically technical expertise. Players must be given the chance to play every position in soccer to deepen their understanding of the game. While it takes more coaching talent to do so, teaching positioning prior to the roles of positions in a formation develops anticipation players. Do not lock players in a position! (page 16, Systems of Play)

This material can be found at the US Youth Coaching website.  It requires a membership fee to join but you gain access to practice models, drills, teaching aides, etc.  Here is the link: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/coaches/Coaches_Connection/.  I encourage everyone interested in coaching soccer to join.

Cheers.

Barca Playing 3 Fullbacks?

After watching El Clasico, it appeared that Barcelona altered the shape of their defense.  One of my favorite soccer writers, Jonathan Wilson, wrote an article about the change to a 3-1-4-2 in an article for The Guardian.  He also writes for SI and has a similar piece there.  Here are the two links:



Wilson starts by stating that tactics do make a difference.  For those that think “the best players” win out all the time, the history of the game is replete with examples of tactical evolution and examples of advantage gained from the same.  Wilson is a student of the tactical changes in soccer and outlines them in his book Inverting the Pyramid.  I summarized some of his ideas on possession style football versus kick and rush in the blog post here on  Soccer Thoughts titled “Gaining Territory v. Possession: Part I.”  

In El Clasico, the big change was Barca pushing their Right Back up (Alves — who Wilson says is more comfortable in attack anyway) and pushing one center back to right back to cover (Puyol) while using a holding mid (Sergio Busquets) to drop as additional center back when need be.  Wilson calls this a back line of 3 1/2.  Puyol then was able to handle Ronaldo and Busquets could move up and back as holding mid/center back to mark Ozil.  

Wilson’s book Inverting highlights every major shift in tactics all across the world.  Are we seeing another change now?